Greece and Worldwide hotels cars cruises  - realtime online travel reservations  - discounted hotel rates last minute travel deals

LEROS Greece hotel and travel reservations
leros- aegean islands greece
map of Leros Greece

Leros has a number of charming small towns and beaches.
Port of Agia Marina - Alinda
Agia Marina has a number of bars, nightclubs and restaurants, all located in a strip which overlooks Alinda Bay.
Pandeli is also a well known area, littered with wonderful restaurants which are perched right on the waters edge.

Leros Travel Information
Leros has an Airport at Partheni that connects daily the island with Athens. There are also ferry connections to and from Athens and the other islands of the Dodecanese. The journey time from Athens to Leros is approximately 8 to 10 hours. There is also the Catamaran Dodekanissos Express and the Hydrofoils connecting Leros with most of the Dodecanese islands. For those who want to visit Leros the alternative way is to fly from Athens with domestic flights or to fly from Athens to Kos and then to Leros by boat. The journey time by boat from Kos to Leros takes 1 to 2 hours.

History of Leros Greece
According to Homer, Leros took part in the Trojan war under the leaders Antifos and Feidotos, grandchildren of Hercules. Thoukididis stressed the special importance of the bays and the harbours of Leros during the period of the Peloponnese War , where Leros supported the democratic Athenians. After the end of the war Leros came under the sovereignty of the Spartans. It then followed the fate of the rest of the Dodecanese Islands during the years of Alexander the Great and his successors, the Roman years and the Byzantine period.
On his campaign east, Alexander the Great passed through Leros as evidenced by the funerary steles and coins from that period found on the island. Constantine the Great, founder of Constantinople and builder of the Byzantine Empire brought Leros into his empire by incorporating it into the Theme of Samos. In the year 1309 the Knights of St John of Rhodes seized and fortified Leros. In 1505 the Ottoman Admiral Kemal Reis along with three galleys and other seventeen war sailing vessels besieged the castle but could not seize it. The operation was repeated in 1508 with more ships but again nothing was achieved. On 24 December 1522 a treaty was signed between the Sultan Suleiman and the Grand Magister of the Knights Adam Villers de Ille, and Leros was passed into Ottoman hands.
During the Ottoman occupation Leros, along with the other islands, enjoyed a regime of privilege with partial autonomy and self–government. During the Greek revolution of 1821, the island became an important base for the re-supplying of the Greek Navy. After the struggle for revolution the island became a part of the free parts of Greece.
With the Treaty of London on the 3rd February 1830 which determined the borders of the newly - established Greek state, the Dodecanese were given over to Turkey again. In the Diary of the Prefecture of the Archipelagos of 1886, Leros along with the islands of Patmos, Lipsos and Fourni belonged to the Turks. The administrative council was made up of both Greeks and Turks.

The Italian Period
From 1911 to 1912 the Italians occupied all of the Dodecanese islands. In 1912 the island was seized by the Italian battleship San Giorgio during the war between Italy and Turkey. Under the watchful eye of Mussolini, a new town, Portolago, was created in the 1930s, with its now infamous Italian Rationalist art-deco architecture and streets wide enough for military parading. The Greeks later renamed it Lakki. The Italians tried to Italianise the island and the inhabitants responded by declaring the autonomy of the islands under the title The Aegean State, with the aim of reunification with Greece.
During the 35 years that the Italians remained in Leros, the Italians set up a great plan to build and fortify the island, as a result of considering both its strategic position and its physical form with its large natural harbours, the largest of which, Lakki, is the largest deep water harbour in the Mediterranean Sea. The fortification of Leros and the creation of a major naval base at Lakki, ensured that the Italians had control over an area of vital interest to the Allies, the Aegean, the Dardanelles and the Near East. Mussolini saw Leros as a crucial base for Italian domination of the eastern Aegean, even building a mansion for himself in the town of Portolago now Lakki.

World War Two
In 1940 as Italy was on the side of Germany, Leros suffered attacks and bombing by the British Royal Air Force. As a result of the naturally protected coves and the protection they provided to warships, the island was the second most bombed during World War Two after Crete. On 8 September 1943, as Italy could not continue the war on the German side, it signed an armistice and came over to the Allied camp. After the Italian armistice, British reinforcements arrived on Leros and the island suffered continuous German bombing. One of the largest attacks was on the Greek Navys Flagship, the Queen Olga, sunk by German bombers on Sunday September 26, 1943. The British Royal Navy ship, HMS Intrepid, was also sunk on that day in Portolago.

Leros War Museum
In September 2005 the Leros war museum was opened in Merkia, near Lakki. The museum is inside an old tunnel made by the Italians during the Second World War. It looks like the Dover war museum though on a tiny scale. There are several items from the battle of Leros including: guns, helmets, bombs, uniforms and many photos.

Modern History
On the 7 March 1948, Leros a was reunited with the rest of Greece. After approximately 400 years the Dodecanese became officially Greek once more. During the post-war years the Greek governments used many buildings in Leros for various reasons.

Greece and Worldwide hotels cars cruises  - realtime online travel reservations  - discounted hotel rates last minute travel deals